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1,210
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Oct 10, 2012
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Oct 10, 2012
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I. C. Baianu, Ronald Brown and James F. Glazebrook

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A Monograph Published in: Acta Universitatis Apulensis,ISSN 1582-5329, 2011: 10 (6)-175-298'Special Issue on Understanding Complex Systems,Eds. Barna Iantovics, Ladislav HluchÂ¶y and Roumen Kountchev. Abstract. In this monograph we present a novel approach to the problems raised by higher complexity in both nature and the human society, by considering the most complex levels of objective existence as ontological meta-levels, such as those present in the creative human minds and civilised,...

Topics: Categorical Ontology and the Theory of Levels (COTL), meta-levels, Non- Abelian Categorical...

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Oct 10, 2012
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Oct 10, 2012
by
I. C. Baianu, Ph.D.

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The question of a variable `automaton', or an automaton with a varying internal structure goes back to Norbert Wiener's suggestion in his book on ``The Human Use of Human Beings" (Cybernetics and Society, 1954). However, in his popular book, Wiener did not attempt any formal, or mathematical, definition of a `variable automaton'. Because the state space S of a standard, rigid automaton (or sequential machine/Turing machine) is known to have a semigroup (or monoid) structure, one may...

Topics: ariable automata, variable groupoids, quantum automata, quantum groupoids, cybernetics,...

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Apr 3, 2012
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Apr 3, 2012
by
I.C. Baianu, PhD

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There is an urgent need for the early detection of diseases such as Alzheimerâs (AD) and Cancers in order to enable their successful treatment. Cancer is the second major cause of death after Heart Disease, and AD is the third major cause of death with major consequences for the society. Three major Nuclear Medicine techniques that are established for diagnostic and research purposes are: Positron Emission Tomography (PET) CAT/CT and Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Imaging (NMRI/MRI). These nuclear...

Topics: Nuclear medicine, eaerly diagnosis of cancers, early diagnosis of AD. NMRI, NIRFS, PET.CT scanning,...

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Jan 13, 2012
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Jan 13, 2012
by
I.C. Baianu, Ronald Brown and James F. Glazebrook

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Abstract. The fundamentals of Lukasiewicz-Moisil logic algebras and their applications to complex genetic network dynamics and highly complex systems are presented in the context of a categorical ontology theory of levels, Medical Bioinformatics and self-organizing, highly complex systems. Quantum Automata were defined in refs.[2] and [3] as generalized, probabilistic automata with quantum state spaces [1]. Their next-state functions operate through transitions between quantum states defined by...

Topics: LM-logic algebra, algebraic category of LM-logic algebras, fundamental theorems of LM-logic...

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Dec 28, 2011
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Dec 28, 2011
by
I.C. Baianu, editor with several contributors

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A concise overview with color image galleries of important DNA molecular dynamics applications to computing and quantum computations of DNA structure and dynamics. Includes several image galleries with instrumentation, techniques and contributed brilliant images. 113-page textbook PDF of 24 Mb, May 25th, 2009.

Topics: DNA, genetics, molecular structure and dynamics, instrumentation and techniques, Bioinformatics

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Dec 28, 2011
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Dec 28, 2011
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I.C. Baianu, editor with several contributors

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A 100-page textbook overview of DNA biophysical chemistry, genetic roles, nanotechnology and biotechology applications including DNA computing biochips.

Topics: DNA, DNA microchips, Nanotechnology, Biotechnology

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Dec 28, 2011
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Dec 28, 2011
by
I.C. Baianu

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Original, published articles by Konrad W. Roentgen, Stokes and J.J. Thompson in 1899

Topics: X-rays, Roentgen, Stokes, J.J.Thompson memoires

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Dec 28, 2011
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Dec 28, 2011
by
I. C. Baianu, Editor

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Molecular models of DNA structures are representations of the molecular geometry and topology of Deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) molecules using one of several means, such as: closely packed spheres (CPK models) made of plastic, metal wires for 'skeletal models', graphic computations and animations by computers, artistic rendering, and so on, with the aim of simplifying and presenting the essential, physical and chemical, properties of DNA molecular structures either in vivo or in vitro. Computer...

Topics: molecular models, CPK model, DNA, DNA computing chip

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Dec 28, 2011
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Dec 28, 2011
by
I.C. Baianu, editor with several contributors

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An overview of Computational Dynamics: Dynamic Systems, Molecular Dynamics, Computational Sciences and Quantum Dynamics. Contents: Dynamical systems, in general Deterministic system (mathematics) Linear system Dynamical systems and chaos theory Chaos theory, Chaos argument, Butterfly effect, Bifurcation diagram, Feigenbaum constant, Sarkovskii's theorem, Attractor, Stability theory, Mechanical equilibrium Astable, Monostable, Bistable, Metastability, Feedback, Negative feedback Positive...

Topics: Dynamic Systems, Molecular Dynamics, Computational Sciences and Quantum Dynamics of biomolecules

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Dec 28, 2011
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Dec 28, 2011
by
I.C. Baianu, editor with several contributors

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A concise overview in a 137-page contributed textbook on Interactomics, Genomics, Proteomics, protein-protein interactions, metabolic pathways, metabolic networks and Complex Systems Biology. DNA,Proteomics,Metabolic Networks,Interactomics and Complex Systems Biology

Topics: DNA, proteomics, metabolic networks, Interactomics, Complex Systems Biology, CSB

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Dec 27, 2011
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Dec 27, 2011
by
I.C. Baianu, editor, with several contributors

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Abstract: Contents Articles Algebraic Logic, Quantum Logic, Quantum Algebra, Algebra, Algebraic Geometry, Algebraic Topology, Category Theory and Higher Dimensional Algebra v.2min 1 Boolean logic 1 Intuitionistic logic 7 Heyting arithmetic 13 Algebraic Logic and Many-Valued Logic 14 Algebraic logic 14 Lukasiewicz logic 16 Ternary logic 18 Multi-valued logic 21 Mathematical logic 24 Symbolic logic 37 Metalogic 37 Metatheory 40 Metamathematics 41 Abstract Algebra 43 Abstract algebra 43 Universal...

Topics: Algebraic Logic, Symbolic Logic, Quantum Algebraic Topology, Quantum inverse scattering methods,...

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Dec 27, 2011
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Dec 27, 2011
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I.C. Baianu, editor, with several contributors

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An introductory, concise book of 220 pages on Higher Dimensional Algebra (HDA) and some elements of Homology Theory and early Algebraic Geometry (AG). Also contains some of the necessary background in Abstract Algebra, Topology, Algebraic Topology and Category Theory. Table of Contents/Articles: Algebra and Topology 1 Abstract algebra 1 Set (mathematics) 4 Binary operation 12 Function composition 13 Bijection 16 Associativity 18 Group (mathematics) 22 Group action 43 Field (mathematics) 49...

Topics: Higher Dimensional Algebra (HDA), Homology Theory and early Algebraic Geometry (AG), notable...

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Dec 27, 2011
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Dec 27, 2011
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I.C. Baianu, editor, with several contributors

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A concise introduction textbook of 148 pages (5MB PDF) and overview of dynamical systems and symbolic dynamics with applications to data storage and transmission. Categorical and topological dynamic models are also considered. Concludes with biographies of the major authors that contributed to these relatd fields, as well as a list of wiki contributors and licensing statements. Open access: GNU/Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 3.0 Unported

Topics: dynamical systems, symbolic dynamics, applications of symbolic dynamics, data storage and...

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Dec 27, 2011
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Dec 27, 2011
by
I.C. Baianu, editor, with several open access contributors

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A 406-page Introduction to Mathematical and Theoretical Biology. Biographies of notable mathematical biologists. February 7, 2010 Contents Articles Notable Mathematical Biophysicists and Theoretical Biologists 1 Nicolas Rashevsky 1 D'Arcy Thompson 6 George Karreman 10 Robert Rosen 13 Herbert Daniel Landahl 19 Anatol Rapoport 22 Walter M. Elsasser 26 Brian Goodwin 28 Warren Sturgis McCulloch 30 Walter Pitts 32 Conrad Hal Waddington 34 Johnjoe McFadden 37 Molecular biologists and biophysicists 39...

Topics: mathematical biophysics, theoretical biology, notable molecular and theoretical biologists'...

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Dec 27, 2011
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Dec 27, 2011
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I C. Baianu, editor, with several contributors

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An introductory textbook to Mathematical and Molecular Biophysics-Quantum Physics, Quantum Biochemistry and Techniques, including biographies and several notable/ Nobel laureates' research in the fields of Molecular Biophysics, Physiology and Medicine. Table of Contents/Articles: Notable Mathematical Biophysicists and Theoretical Biologists volume 1. Nicolas Rashevsky 1 D'Arcy Thompson 6 George Karreman 10 Robert Rosen 13 Walter M. Elsasser 19 David Bohm 22 Brian Goodwin 29 George Emil Palade...

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Topics: Theoretical Biophysics, Molecular Biophysics, Quantum Physics, Quantum Biochemistry, techniques,...

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Dec 27, 2011
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Dec 27, 2011
by
I.C. Baianu ,contributor

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An up-to-date presentation of Bioinformatics topics, including advanced techniques and applications. ``Bioinformatics - Trends and Methodologies is a collection of different views on most recent topics and basic concepts in bioinformatics. This book suits young researchers who seek basic fundamentals of bioinformatic skills such as data mining, data integration, sequence analysis and gene expression analysis as well as scientists who are interested in current research in computational biology...

Topics: Bioinformatics, cDNA, microarrays, genomics, proteomics, translational oncogenomics

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Dec 25, 2011
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Dec 25, 2011
by
I. C. Baianu, editor, with several contributors

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Fundamental aspects of Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy and Imaging: FT-NMR, 2D-FTNMRSI, MRI, ESR, with examples and Imaging Applications. Open access, GNUL License. Contents Articles Nuclear Magnetic Resonance 1 Relaxation 1 Chemical Shift 2 Knight shift 6 Robinson oscillator 7 Relaxation 7 Chemical Shift 8 Fourier transform 12 Discrete Fourier transform 34 Fast Fourier transform 47 Fourier transform spectroscopy 55 NMR Spectroscopy 59 2D-NMR 65 User:Bci2/2D-FT NMRI and Spectroscopy 67...

Topics: Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy, MRI, NMRI, ESR, imaging applications in medicine and biology

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Dec 25, 2011
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Dec 25, 2011
by
I.C. Baianu, editor, with several contributors

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A contributed, 101-page outline/overview of spectroscopic techniques, from microwaves to near infrared, UV, X-rays and neutrons, including chemical-hyperspectral imaging and fluorescence correlation spectroscopy/imaging. GNU/Common License Open access as stated in the License statement of the PDF file See also: http://aux.planetphysics.us/files/books/314/VCRS101pMb8.pdf and http://aux.planetphysics.us/files/books/314/VRCScarsV2Mb8p5.pdf

Topics: Hyperspectral Imaging, chemical imaging, vibrational-rotational spectroscopy, Fluorescence

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Dec 25, 2011
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Dec 25, 2011
by
I. C. Baianu , editor with several contributors

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Biographies and relevant information concerning direct physical interactions of man with lower primates in the wild habitats of Africa. A concise outline of primate evolution leading to man. Also, discusses the partial protection of gorillas and chimpanzees in order to attempt the prevention of their extinction.Physical, direct interactions of humans with wild gorillas and chimpanzees: research studies of wild primate behaviors in their natural habitats. See also:...

Topics: primates, human interactions with gorillas and chimpanzees in Africa, primate evolution, protection...

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Dec 25, 2011
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Dec 25, 2011
by
I. C. Baianu, editor, with several listed contributors

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A concise, contributed textbook presentation of notable algebraic topologists' biographies, important algebraic topology theorems, with extensive references/bibliography. It also contains numerous illustrations that are explained in the text in a simplified, introductory, but non-trivial manner. A kind of abbreviated `Who's Who' of Modern Algebraic Topology and Topology, as well as Algebraic Geometry and the Theory of Categories. 352 pages, three sections. See also:...

Topics: Algebraic Topology theorems, algebraic topologists, mainstream mathematics

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Dec 25, 2011
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Dec 25, 2011
by
I. C. Baianu , editor with several contributors

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An Introduction to X-ray and Neutron Scattering presenting concisely the principles, techniques and instrumentation utilized for X-ray and neutron scattering studies of nan-structure and dynamics. See also: http://aux.planetphysics.us/files/books/283/AXrayNeutrScatp123.pdf Physics & MCS Classification: 00. (GENERAL) 02. (Mathematical methods in physics) 03. (Quantum mechanics, field theories, and special relativity ) 03.65.Fd (Algebraic methods )

Topics: XRD, X-ray and neutron scattering textbook, nano-structure determination and dynamics

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Dec 25, 2011
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Dec 25, 2011
by
I. C. Baianu, R. Brown and J. F. Glazebrook

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Concise tutorial on the fundamentals of ultra-complexity theory. Emergence of Life, Human consciousness and human societies. Abstract: The task of developing novel and improved methodological tools for a categorical ontology of complex spacetime structures and the ontological theory of levels is here considered from several perspectives including both the quantum-molecular and complex-relational ones. Our novel conceptual framework is aimed at helping both philosophers and natural scientists to...

Topics: emergence of Life, Human Consciousness, Human Society, Categorical Ontology of Ultra-complex...

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Dec 25, 2011
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Dec 25, 2011
by
I. C. Baianu , editor with several contributors

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A 430-page contributed introduction textbook to XRD and ND techniques and applications. Diffraction X-ray & Neutron Diffraction Techniques and Applications Resources • X-rays • X-ray scattering • Crystal • Diffraction • Uniform theory of diffraction • Crystallography • Paracrystalline • Synchrotron • X-ray microscope • Imaging • Compton scattering • Nanotechnology • Neutrons • Neutron scattering • Inelastic neutron scattering • ISIS • ISIS neutron source...

Topics: XRD, ND, X-ray and neutron diffraction, structural applications and dynamics

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Dec 25, 2011
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Dec 25, 2011
by
I C. Baianu, Editor, with several contributors

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An up-to-date introduction to structure determination: principles, techniques, instrumentation and applications with numerous illustrations. 386 pages, 37Mb; dated: Novewmber 27, 2010. See also: http://aux.planetphysics.us/files/books/382/StructTechniques.pdf

Topics: structure determination, principles, techniques, instrumentation and applications

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Dec 24, 2011
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Dec 24, 2011
by
bci1

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A compressed, tar.gz format file contents 14 Mb snapshot of the Encyclopedia of Physics with the Noosphere 1.0 version at the PlanetPhysics.org and PlantePhysics.us websites, representing contributions of the 576 members. (PlanetPhysics.org is a registered, non-profit US organization for the advancement of physical sciences)

Topics: physics Encyclopedia, compressed file snapshot of Encyclopedia of Physics, PlanetPhysics.org,...

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Dec 21, 2011
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Dec 21, 2011
by
I. C. Baianu, editor, with several listed contributors

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A 223-page introduction to Biodynamics and Complexity Theories.

Topics: biological dynamics/Biodynamics, complex systems biology (CSB) theories

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Dec 21, 2011
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Dec 21, 2011
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I C. Baianu, Editor, with several contributors

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A general presentation of DNA structure, followed by presentation of advanced techniques for DNA studies of structure and dynamics by various contributors.

Topics: DNA structure, DNA dynamics, DNA advanced structural techniques, Fluorescence, spectroscopy,...

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Dec 21, 2011
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Dec 21, 2011
by
bci1

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An alphabetically ordered collection of articles generated with Noosphere version 1.0 at PlanetPhysics.org : C to F entries. See also: http://planetphysics.us/ and the wiki version of planetphysics.org from: http://planetphysics.org/wikipl http://pp-wiki.metameso.org/wiki.pl (Coming soon also http://pp-dev.org/encyclopedia and a book of PlanetPhysics Encyclopedia)

Topic: quantum concepts and theories, complexity, chemical imaging techniques, chemical thermodynamics,...

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Dec 21, 2011
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Dec 21, 2011
by
I.C. Baianu, Ronald Brown and James F. Glazebrook

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Abstract: A categorical ontology of space and time is presented for emergent biosystems, super-complex dynamics, evolution and human consciousness. Relational structures of organisms and the human mind are naturally represented in non-Abelian categories and higher dimensional algebra. The ascent of man and other organisms through adaptation, evolution and social co-evolution is viewed in categorical terms as variable biogroupoid representations of evolving species. The unifying theme of...

Topics: space, time, chronotopoids and spacetime (ST), ST in automata vs. quantum automata and organisms,...

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Dec 21, 2011
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Dec 21, 2011
by
bci1 at PlanetPhysics.org

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A collection of PlanetPhysics.org images generated with Noosphere version 1.0 from: http://planetphysics.us

Topics: quantum theories, theoretical physics, Quantum Algebraic Topology, groupoids and quantum groupoids

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Dec 21, 2011
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Dec 21, 2011
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I. C. Baianu , Editor with several contributors

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An introduction to Quantum Algebraic Topology and symmetry aspects of quantum theories, including Quantum Field Theory, Quantum Operator Algebra and Quantum Gravity. Vols. I-III: a total of 1,112 pages, with extensive, (5,000+) references and Subject Index. This is a contributed book with three volumes. TABLE OF CONTENTS: Quantum Theories 3 Quantum mechanics 3 Schroedinger equation 17 Dirac equation 25 Klein-Gordon equation 36 Einstein-Maxwell-Dirac equations 40 Rigged Hilbert space 41 Quantum...

Topics: Quantum Algebraic Topology, QFT, AQFT, Quantum Gravity, symmetry aspects of quantum theories

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Dec 20, 2011
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Dec 20, 2011
by
I.C. Baianu, Ph.D., with Prof. Ronald Brown and Prof. James F. Glazebrook

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Abstract: A categorical ontology of space and time is presented for emergent biosystems, super-complex dynamics, evolution and human consciousness. Relational structures of organisms and the human mind are naturally represented in non-Abelian categories and higher dimensional algebra. The ascent of man and other organisms through adaptation, evolution and social co-evolution is viewed in categorical terms as variable biogroupoid representations of evolving species. The unifying theme of...

Topic: space,time,chronotopoids and spacetime (ST), ST in automata vs. quantum automata and organisms,...

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Dec 20, 2011
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Dec 20, 2011
by
I. C. Baianu and James F. Glazebrook

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Abstract A novel approach to gene and neural networks, as well interactomics, in terms of quantum nano-automata formally represented in a categorical and Lukasiewicz-Topos framework of Lukasiewicz-Moisil (LM) Algebraic, many-valued (MV) Logics. General models of nonlinear dynamics in complex functional systems such as neural networks, genomes and cell interactomes are proposed based on categories of interacting quantum automata. Speci c realizations of such LM-Algebraic Logic models of genetic...

Topics: quantum automata and quantum computation,quantum nano-automata, LM--algebraic logic, LM--logic...

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Dec 20, 2011
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Dec 20, 2011
by
I.C. Baianu, Ph.D., with Prof. Ronald Brown and Prof. James F. Glazebrook

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Abstract: A novel conceptual framework is introduced for the Complexity Levels Theory in a Categorical Ontology of Space and Time. This conceptual and formal construction is intended for ontological studies of Emergent Biosystems, Super-complex Dynamics, Evolution and Human Consciousness. A claim is defended concerning the universal representation of an item's essence in categorical terms. As an essential example, relational structures of living organisms are well represented by applying the...

Topic: Categorical ontology and the theory of levels,formal foundation and relational structure of...

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Dec 20, 2011
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Dec 20, 2011
by
I.C. Baianu, Ronald Brown and James F. Glazebrook

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A non-Abelian, Universal SpaceTime Ontology is introduced in terms of categories, functors, natural transformations, Higher Dimensional Algebra and the Ontological Theory of Reality Levels. A paradigm shift towards non-commutative spacetime structures with remarkable asymmetries or broken symmetries, such as the CPT-symmetry violation, is proposed. This has the potential for novel applications of Higher Dimensional Algebra to spacetime structure determination in terms of universal, topological...

Topics: universal spacetime Ontology, Categorical Ontology-Theory of Reality Levels, Non-Abelian Ontology,...

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Dec 20, 2011
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Dec 20, 2011
by
I. C. Baianu, Ph.D.

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An overview of translational, human oncogenomics, transcriptomics and cancer interactomic networks is presented together with basic concepts and potential, new applications to Oncology and Integrative Cancer Biology. Novel translational oncogenomics research is rapidly expanding through the application of advanced technology, research findings and computational tools/models to both pharmaceutical and clinical problems. A self-contained presentation is adopted that covers both fundamental...

Topics: Translational Oncogenomics and Integrative Cancer Biology in clinical applications and...

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Dec 14, 2011
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Dec 14, 2011
by
I.C. Baianu, Prof. Dr. and J. Guo, PhD

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Novel calibrations for rapid, reliable and accurate composition analysis of a variety of several soy based foods and bulk soybean seeds were developed and validated in this project with a large number of different samples (N >~12, 000). The availability of such calibrations is important for establishing NIR as a secondary method for composition analysis of foods and soybeans both in applications and fundamental research. 2. Rapid, accurate, and cost-effective composition analyses of soy...

Topics: FT-NIR Calibrations, Food Composition Analysis, Spyfoods, Soymilk, Soybean Protein, Soybean Oil,...